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I. Read the passage and answer the questions below

In the 16th century, an age of great marine and terrestrial exploration, Ferdinand Magellan led the first expedition to sail around the world. As a young Portuguese noble, he served the king of Portugal, but he became involved in the quagmire of political intrigue at court and lost the king's favor. After he was dismissed from service by the king of Portugal, he offered to serve the future Emperor Charles V of Spain.

A papal decree of 1493 had assigned all land in the New World west of 50 degrees W longitude to Spain and all the land east of that line to Portugal. Magellan offered to prove that the East Indies fell under Spanish authority. On September 20, 1519, Magellan set sail from Spain with five ships. More than a year later, one of these ships was exploring the topography of South America in search of a water route across the continent. This ship sank, but the remaining four ships searched along the southern peninsula of South America. Finally they found the passage they sought near 50 degrees S latitude. Magellan named this passage the Strait of All Saints, but today it is known as the Strait of Magellan.

One ship deserted while in this passage and returned to Spain, so fewer sailors were privileged to gaze at that first panorama of the Pacific Ocean. Those who remained crossed the meridian now known as the International Date Line in the early spring of 1521 after 98 days on the Pacific Ocean. During those long days at sea, many of Magellan's men died of starvation and disease.

Later, Magellan became involved in an insular conflict in the Philippines and was killed in a tribal battle. Only one ship and 17 sailors under the command of the Basque navigator Elcano survived to complete the westward journey to Spain and thus prove once and for all that the world is round, with no precipice at the edge.

1. The 16th century was an age of great ______ exploration.

A. cosmic 
B. land 
C. mental 
D. common man 
E. None of the above

2. Magellan lost the favor of the king of Portugal when he became involved in a political ________.

A. entanglement 
B. discussion 
C. negotiation 
D. problem 
E. None of the above

3. The Pope divided New World lands between Spain and Portugal according to their location on one side or the other of an imaginary geographical line 50 degrees west of Greenwich that extends in a _________ direction.

A. north and south 
B. crosswise 
C. easterly 
D. south east 
E. north and west

4. One of Magellan's ships explored the _________ of South America for a passage across the continent.

A. coastline 
B. mountain range 
C. physical features 
D. islands 
E. None of the above

5. Four of the ships sought a passage along a southern ______.

A. coast 
B. inland 
C. body of land with water on three sides 
D. border 
E. Answer not available

II. Summarize the passage in Question I inferring the key ideas. Avoid using sentences and phrases from the original text. (minimum 80 words)

III. Fill in the gaps with one of the words or word combinations in brackets

1. It was a surprise that he won the match. ____ People expected him to win. (little, many, few, much)

2. The police have caught the men ____ stole my car. (which, that, whom, who)

3. I’d like to have ______ car. The one I’ve got keeps breaking down. (a reliable, a more reliable, most reliable, the most reliable)

4. Shall I introduce you to Joe? There is no need. We have ______ met. (still, yet, any more, already)

5. When Sue heard the news, she ___ very pleased. (hasn’t been, hadn’t been, wasn’t, won’t be)

IV. Match the words or expressions with their definitions or synonyms

  1. to take after              to act slowly
  2. totake care of           to happen
  3. to take part               to look after
  4. take time                  to follow as an example, to look like
  5. take place                 to participate

V.      Write a paragraph on one of the following topics (minimum 80 words)

a)                Should young children be allowed to use cell phones?

b)                A good friend

c)                 Ways of protecting the environment

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